George Crumb

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George Crumb
George Crumb.jpg
Bizitza
Jaiotzako izen-deiturakGeorge Henry Crumb Jr.
JaiotzaCharleston1929ko urriaren 24a
Herrialdea Ameriketako Estatu Batuak
HeriotzaMedia (Pennsylvania)2022ko otsailaren 6a (92 urte)
Familia
Seme-alabak
Hezkuntza
HeziketaMichigango Unibertsitatea
Illinoisko Unibertsitatea Urbana–Champaignen
UIUC College of Media (en) Itzuli
Hizkuntzakingelesa
Ikaslea(k)Ricardo Zohn-Muldoon (en) Itzuli
Jarduerak
Jarduerakmusikagilea eta unibertsitateko irakaslea
Enplegatzailea(k)Arizona State University (en) Itzuli
Pennsylvaniako Unibertsitatea
Coloradoko Unibertsitatea Boulderren
Jasotako sariak
KidetzaBerlingo Arteen Akademia
Ameriketako Estatu Batuetako Arte eta Letren Akademia
Arteen eta Zientzien Ameriketako Estatu Batuetako Akademia
Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts (en) Itzuli
Genero artistikoamusika klasikoa
contemporary classical music (en) Itzuli

georgecrumb.net
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George Henry Crumb (Charleston, Mendebaldeko Virginia, 1929ko urriaren 24a - Media, Pennsylvania, 2022ko otsailaren 6a) estatubatuar musika klasiko moderno eta abangoardiako musikagilea izan zen.

Michiganen eta Charlestonen musika ikasi zuen eta Coloradoko Unibertsitatean eta Pennsylvaniako Unibertsitatean musika irakaskuntzan aritu zen.

Hasierako etapan Anton Webernen eragina izan zuen, baina laster tinbre ezohikoak erabili zituen. Era berean, musika idazteko modu alternatiboak eta teknika hedatuak erabiltzen ditu, bai bokalak, bai instrumentalak. Musika "bultzada espiritualaren zerbitzura dauden proportzioen sistema gisa" definitu zuen.

1968an Pulitzer Saria Musikan irabazi zuen Echoes of Time and the River lanarekin eta 2000. urtean Emmy Saria irabazi zuen Star Child lanarekin.

Lanak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Orkestra[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Gethsemane (1947), for small orchestra
  • Diptych (1955)
  • Variazioni (1959), for large orchestra
  • Echoes of Time and the River (Echoes II) (1967)
  • A Haunted Landscape (1984)

Ahotsa orkestrarekin[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Star-Child (1977, revised 1979), for soprano, antiphonal children's voices, male speaking choir, bell ringers, and large orchestra

Ganberako musika[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Two Duos (1944?), for flute and clarinet
  • Four Pieces (1945), for violin and piano
  • Violin Sonata (1949)
  • Three Pastoral Pieces (1952), for oboe and piano
  • Viola Sonata (1953)
  • String Quartet (1954)
  • Sonata for Solo Cello (1955)
  • Four Nocturnes (Night Music II) (1964), for violin and piano
  • Eleven Echoes of Autumn, 1965 (Echoes I) (1966), for violin, alto flute, clarinet, and piano
  • Black Angels (Images I) (1970), for electric string quartet
  • Vox Balaenae (Voice of the Whale) (1971), for electric flute, electric cello, and amplified piano
  • Music for a Summer Evening (Makrokosmos III) (1974), for two amplified pianos and percussion (two players).
  • Dream Sequence (Images II) (1976), for violin, cello, piano, percussion (one player), and off-stage glass harmonica (two players)
  • Pastoral Drone (1982), for organ
  • An Idyll for the Misbegotten (Images III) (1986), for amplified flute and percussion (three players).
  • Easter Dawning (1991), for carillon
  • Quest (1994), for guitar, soprano saxophone, harp, double bass, and percussion (two players)
  • Mundus Canis (A Dog's World) (1998), for guitar and percussion

Piano[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Piano Sonata (1945)
  • Prelude and Toccata (1951)
  • Five Pieces (1962)
  • Makrokosmos, Volume I (1972), for amplified piano
  • Makrokosmos, Volume II (1973), for amplified piano
  • Celestial Mechanics (Makrokosmos IV) (1979), for amplified piano (four hands)
  • A Little Suite for Christmas, A.D. 1979 (1980)
  • Gnomic Variations (1981)
  • Processional (1983)
  • Zeitgeist (Tableaux Vivants) (1988), for two amplified pianos
  • Eine Kleine Mitternachtmusik (A Little Midnight Music) (2001)
  • Otherworldly Resonances (2003), for two pianos
  • Metamorphoses, Book I (2017)

Ahotsa[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Four Songs (1945?), for voice, clarinet and piano
  • Seven Songs (1946), for voice and piano
  • Three Early Songs (1947), for voice and piano
  • A Cycle of Greek Lyrics (1950?), for voice and piano
  • Night Music I (1963, revised 1976), for soprano, piano/celeste, and two percussionists
  • Songs, Drones, and Refrains of Death (1968), for baritone, electric guitar, electric double bass, amplified piano/electric harpsichord, and two percussionists
  • Night of the Four Moons (1969), for alto, alto flute/piccolo, banjo, electric cello, and percussion
  • Ancient Voices of Children (1970), for mezzo-soprano, boy soprano, oboe, mandolin, harp, amplified piano (and toy piano), and percussion (three players)
  • Lux Aeterna (1971) for soprano, bass flute/soprano recorder, sitar, and percussion (two players)
  • Apparition (1979), for soprano and amplified piano
  • The Sleeper (1984), for soprano and piano
  • Federico's Little Songs for Children (1986), for soprano, flute/piccolo/alto flute/bass flute, and harp
  • Yesteryear (2005/13), for mezzo-soprano, amplified piano, and percussion (two players)

Madrigals[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Madrigals, Book I (1965), for soprano, vibraphone, and double bass
  • Madrigals, Book II (1965), for soprano, flute/alto flute/piccolo, and percussion
  • Madrigals, Book III (1969), for soprano, harp, and percussion
  • Madrigals, Book IV (1969), for soprano, flute/alto flute/piccolo, harp, double bass, and percussion

American Songbook[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • American Songbook I: The River of Life (2003), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
  • American Songbook II: A Journey Beyond Time (2003), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
  • American Songbook III: Unto the Hills (2001), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
  • American Songbook IV: Winds of Destiny (2004), for soprano, percussion quartet and piano
  • American Songbook V: Voices from a Forgotten World (2007), for soprano, baritone, percussion quartet and piano
  • American Songbook VI: Voices from the Morning of the Earth (2008), for soprano, baritone, percussion quartet and piano
  • American Songbook VII: Voices from the Heartland (2010), for soprano, baritone, percussion quartet and piano

Spanish Songbook[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Spanish Songbook I: The Ghosts of Alhambra (2008), for baritone, guitar and percussion
  • Spanish Songbook II: Sun and Shadow (2009), for female voice and amplified piano
  • Spanish Songbook III: The Yellow Moon of Andalusia (2012), for mezzo-soprano and amplified piano

Musika korala[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Alleluja (1948), for unaccompanied chorus

Kanpo estekak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]