Mary Midgley

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Mary Midgley
Mary Midgley.JPG
Jaiotzako izen-deiturakMary Beatrice Scrutton
JaiotzaLondres1919ko irailaren 13a
Herrialdea Erresuma Batua
BizilekuaNewcastle upon Tyne
Lehen hizkuntzaingelesa
HeriotzaJesmond (en) Itzuli2018ko urriaren 10a (99 urte)
Ezkontidea(k)Geoffrey Midgley (en) Itzuli  (1950 -  1997ko apirilaren 16a)
HeziketaSomerville College 1942) : literae humaniores (en) Itzuli
Durham University (en) Itzuli 1995) Doctor of Letters (en) Itzuli
Downe House (en) Itzuli
Newcastle University (en) Itzuli 2008) Doctor of Civil Law (en) Itzuli
Jarduerakfilosofoa, autorea, unibertsitateko irakaslea, idazlea eta ethicist (en) Itzuli
Enplegatzailea(k)Newcastle University (en) Itzuli
University of Reading (en) Itzuli
Jasotako sariak
InfluentziakG. E. Moore (en) Itzuli
KidetzaErrege Literatura Elkartea
IMDB: nm4040027 Edit the value on Wikidata

Mary Beatrice Scrutton, Mary Midgley izenarekin ezagutua (Londres, 1919ko irailaren 13a - Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 2018ko urriaren 10a), filosofo ingelesa, etikan aditua.[1]

Biografia[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Newcastle-upon-Tyne-ko Unibertsitateko Filosofia irakaslea izan zen eta ezaguna da zientziari, etikari eta animalien eskubideei buruzko bere lanengatik. Bere lehen liburua Beast And Man (1978), 50 urte baino gehiago zuenean idatzi zuen. Harrezkero 15 liburu baino gehiago idatzi zituen, haien artean: Animals And Why They Matter (1983), Wickedness (1984), The Ethical Primate (1994), Evolution as a Religion (1985) eta Science as Salvation (1992). Durhameko eta Newcastleeko unibertsitateek doktore <i id="mwHQ">honoris causa</i> izendatu zuten. Bere autobiografia, The Owl of Minerva, 2005an argitaratu zen.

Argitalpenak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Liburuak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Beast And Man: The Roots of Human Nature. Routledge, 1978; argitalpena zuzenduta 1995. ISBN 0-415-28987-4
  • Heart and Mind: The Varieties of Moral Experience. Routledge, 1981. ISBN 0-415-30449-0
  • Animals And Why They Matter: A Journey Around the Species Barrier. University of Georgia Press, 1983. ISBN 0-8203-2041-2
  • Wickedness: A philosophical Essay. Routledge, 1984. ISBN 0-415-25398-5
  • with Judith Hughes. Women's Choices: Philosophical Problems Facing Feminism. Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1983. ISBN 0-312-88791-4
  • Evolution as a Religion: Strange Hopes and Stranger Fears. Routledge, 1985; berrargitaratua sarrera berriarekin 2002an. ISBN 0-415-27832-5 Dedikatua "to the memory of Charles Darwin who never said these things."
  • Can't We Make Moral Judgements?. Bristol Press, 1989. ISBN 1-85399-166-X
  • Wisdom, Information and Wonder: What Is Knowledge For?. Routledge, 1989. ISBN 0-415-02830-2
  • Science As Salvation: A Modern Myth and Its Meaning. Routledge, 1992. ISBN 0-415-10773-3 (hemen ere lor daiteke Gifford Lectures bilduman)
  • The Ethical Primate: Humans, Freedom and Morality. Routledge, 1994. ISBN 0-415-13224-X
  • Utopias, Dolphins and Computers: Problems of Philosophical Plumbing. Routledge, 1996. ISBN 0-415-13378-5
  • Science And Poetry. Routledge, 2001. ISBN 0-415-27632-2
  • Myths We Live By. Routledge, 2003. ISBN 0-415-34077-2
  • The Owl of Minerva: A Memoir. Routledge, 2005. ISBN 0-415-36788-3 (bere autobiografia)
  • Earthy Realism: The Meaning of Gaia. Imprint Academic, 2007. ISBN 1-84540-080-1
  • The Solitary Self: Darwin and the Selfish Gene. Acumen, 2010. ISBN 978-1-84465-253-2
  • Are you an Illusion?. Acumen, 2014. ISBN 978-1844657926
  • What Is Philosophy for?. Bloomsbury Academic, 2018.

Liburuxkak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • Biological and Cultural Evolution, Institute for Cultural Research Monograph Series, No. 20, 1984. ISBN 0-904674-08-8
  • Gaia: The Next Big Idea, Demos publications, 2001. ISBN 1-84180-075-9
  • Impact Pamphlet 15: Intelligent Design and Other Ideological Problems, 2007. ISBN 0-902227-17-3

Artikuluak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  • The Emancipation of Women (1952) The Twentieth Century CLII, No. 901, pp. 217–25
  • Bishop Butler: A Reply (1952) The Twentieth Century CLII, No. 905
  • Ou Sont les Neiges de ma Tante (1959) The Twentieth Century, pp. 168–79
  • Is "Moral" Dirty Word? (1972) Philosophy 47, No 181, pp. 206–228 * The Concept of Beastliness: Philosophy, Ethics and Animal Behaviour (1973) Philosophy 48, No. 148, pp. 111–135 * The Neutrality of the Moral Philosopher (1974) Supplementary Volume of the Aristotelian Society, pp. 211–29 * The Game Game (1974) Philosophy 49, No. 189, pp. 231–253 *On Trying Out One's New Sword on a Chance Wayfarer (1977) The Listener (Reprinted in Midgley, Mary Heart and Mind (1981) and MacKinnon, Barbara Ethics, Theory and Contemporary Issues (Third Edition 2001))
  • More about Reason, Commitment and Social Anthropology (1978) Philosophy 53, No. 205, pp. 401–403 * The Objection to Systematic Humbug (1978) Philosophy 53, No. 204, pp. 147–169 * Freedom and Heredity (1978) The Listener (Reprinted in Midgley, Mary Heart and Mind (1981))
  • Brutality and Sentimentality (1979) Philosophy 54, No. 209, pp. 385–389 * The All-Female Number (1979) Philosophy 54 No. 210, pp. 552–554 *Gene-Juggling (1979) Philosophy 54, No. 210, pp. 439–458 * The Absence of a Gap between Facts and Values (with Stephen R. L. Clark) (1980) Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, Supplementary Volumes 54, pp. 207–223+225-240 * Consequentialism and Common Sense (1980) The Hastings Center Report 10, No. 5, pp. 43–44
  • Why Knowledge Matters (1981) Animals in Research: New Perspectives in Animal Experimentation ed. David Sperling
  • Human Ideals and Human Needs (1983) Philosophy 58, No. 223, pp. 89–94 * Towards a New Understanding of Human Nature: The Limits of Individualism (1983) How Humans Adapt: A Biocultural Odyssey ed. Donald J. Ortner
  • Selfish Genes and Social Darwinism (1983) Philosophy 58, No. 225, pp. 365–377 * Duties Concerning Islands (1983) Encounter LX (Reprinted in People, Penguins and Plastic Trees (1986) ed. Donald Vandeveer also in Ethics (1994) ed. Peter Singer and Environmental Ethics (1995) ed. Robert Elliot)
  • De-Dramatizing Darwin (1984) The Monist '67, No. 2
  • Persons and Non-Persons (1985) In Defense of Animals, pp. 52–62
  • Can Specialist Damage Your Health? (1987) International Journal of Moral and Social Studies 2, No. 1
  • Keeping Species on Ice (1987) Beyond the Bars: the Zoo Dilemma ed.Virginia MacKenna, Will Travers and Jonathan Wray
  • The Flight from Blame (1987) Philosophy 62, No. 241, pp. 271–291
  • Evolution As A Religion: A Comparison of Prophecies
  • Archivado el 14 de junio de 2006 en la Wayback Machine. (1987) Zygon 22, No. 2, pp. 179–194 doi 10.1111/j.1467-9744.1987.tb00845.x
  • Embarrassing Relatives: Changing Perceptions of Animals (1987) The Trumpter 4, No. 4, pp. 17–19
  • Beasts, Brutes and Monsters (1988) What Is An Animal? ed. Tim Ingold
  • Teleological Theories of Morality (1988) An Encyclopaedia of Philosophy ed. G.H.R. Parkinson
  • On Not Being afraid of Natural Sex Differences (1988) Feminist Perspectives in Philosophy ed. Morwenna Griffiths and Margaret Whitford
  • Practical Solutions (1988) The Hastings Center Report 19, No. 6, pp. 44–45 doi:10.2307/3561992
  • Myths of Intellectual Isolation (1988–89) Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society LXXXIX, Part 1
  • The Value of "Useless" Research: Supporting Scholarship for the Long Run (1989) Report by the Council for Science and Society
  • Are You an Animal? (1989) Animal Experimentation: The Consensus Changes ed. Gill Langley
  • Why Smartness is Not Enough (1990) Rethinking the Curriculum; Towards an Integrated, Interdisciplinary College Education ed. Mary E. Clark and Sandra A. Wawritko
  • Homunculus Trouble, or, What is Applied Philosophy? (1990) Journal of Social Philosophy 21, No. 1, pp. 5–15 doi:10.1111/j.1467-9833.1990.tb00262.x
  • The Use and Uselessness of Learning (1990) European Journal of Education 25, No.3, pp. 283–294 doi:10.2307/1503318
  • Rights-Talk Will Not Sort Out Child-abuse; Comment on Archard on Parental Rights (1991) Journal of Applied Philosophy 8, No. 1 doi:10.1111/j.1468-5930.1991.tb00411.x
  • The Origin of Ethics (1991) A Companion To Ethics ed. Peter Singer (Available in Spanish[Esteka hautsia])
  • Is the Biosphere a Luxury? (1992) The Hastings Center Report 22, No. 3, pp. 7–12 doi:10.2307/3563291
  • Towards a More Humane View of the Beasts? (1992) The Environment in Question ed. David E. Cooper and Joy A. Palmer
  • The Significance of Species (1992) The Moral Life ed. Stephen Luper-Foy and Curtis Brown (Reprinted in The Animal Rights/ Environmental Ethics Debate, The Environmental Perspective (1992) ed. Eugene C. Hargrove)
  • Strange Contest, Science versus Religion (1992) The Gospel and Contemporary Culture ed. Hugh Montefiore
  • Philosophical Plumbing (1992) The Impulse to Philosophise ed. A. Phillips Griffiths
  • The idea of Salvation Through Science (1992) New Blackfriars 73, No. 860, pp. 257–265 doi:10.1111/j.1741-2005.1992.tb07240.x
  • Can Science Save its Soul (1992) New Scientist, pp. 43–6
  • Beasts versus the Biosphere (1992) Environmental Values 1, No. 1, pp. 113–21
  • The Four-Leggeds, The Two-Leggeds and the Wingeds (1993) Society and Animals 1, No. 1.
  • Visions, Secular and Sacred (1994) Milltown Studies 34, pp. 74–93
  • The End of Anthropocentrism? (1994) Philosophy and the Natural Environment ed. Robin Attfield and Andrew Belsey
  • Darwinism and Ethics (1994) Medicine and Moral Reasoning ed. K.W.M. Fulford, Grant Gillett and Janet Martin Soskice
  • Bridge-Building at Last (1994) Animals and Human Society ed. Aubrey Manning and James Serpell
  • Zombies and the Turing Test (1995) Journal of Consciousness Studies 2, No. 4, pp. 351–2
  • Reductive Megalomania (1995) Nature's Imagination; The Frontiers of Scientific Vision ed. John Cornwall
  • Trouble with Families? (1995) Introducing Applied Ethics ed. Brenda Almond (Joint with Judith Hughes)
  • The Challenge of Science, Limited Knowledge, or a New High Priesthood? (1995) True to this Earth ed. Alan Race and Roger Williamson
  • The Mixed Community (1995) Earth Ethics, Environmental Ethics, Animal Rights and Practical Applications ed. James P. Serba
  • Visions, Secular and Sacred (1995) The Hastings Center Report 25, No. 5, pp. 20–27 doi:10.2307/3562790
  • Darwin's Central Problems (1995) Science 268, No. 5214, pp. 1196–1198 doi:10.1126/science.268.5214.1196
  • The Ethical Primate. Anthony Freeman in discussion with Mary Midgley (1995) Journal of Consciousness Studies 2, No. 1, pp. 67–75(9) (Joint with Anthony Freeman)
  • Sustainability and Moral Pluralism (1996) Ethics and The Environment 1, No. 1
  • One World – But a Big One (1996) Journal of Consciousness Studies 3, No. 5/6
  • Earth Matters; Thinking about the Environment (1996) The Age of Anxiety ed. Sarah Dunant and Roy Porter
  • The View from Britain: What is Dissolving Families? (1996) American Philosophical Association, Newsletter on Feminism and Philosophy 96, No. 1 (Joint with Judith Hughes)
  • Can Education be Moral? (1996) Res Publica II, No. 1 doi:10.1007/BF02335711 (Reprinted in Teaching Right and Wrong, Moral Education in the Balance ed Richard Smith and Paul Standish)
  • Science in the World (1996) Science Studies 9, No. 2
  • The Myths We Live By (1996) The Values of Science Oxford Amnesty Lectures ed Wes Williams
  • Visions of Embattled Science (1997) Science Today: Problem or Crisis? ed Ralph Levinson and Jeff Thomas
  • The Soul's Successors: Philosophy and the "Body" (1997) Religion and the Body ed Sarah Coakley
  • Putting Ourselves Together Again (1998) Consciousness and Human Human Identity ed John Cornwall
  • Monkey business. The Origin of Species changed man's conception of himself forever. So why, asks Mary Midgley, is Darwinism used to reinforce the arid individualism of our age? (1999) New Statesman
  • The Problem of Humbug (1998) Media Ethics ed Matthew Kieram
  • Descarte's prisoners (1999) New Statesman
  • Being Scientific about Our Selves (1999) Journal of Consciousness Studies, 6 (Reprinted in Models of the Self (1999) ed Shaun Gallagher and Jonathan Shear)
  • Towards an Ethic of Global Responsibility (1999) Human Rights in Global Politics ed Tim Dunne and Nicholas J. Wheeler
  • The Origins of Don Giovanni (1999–2000) Philosophy Now, p. 32
  • Alchemy Revived (2000) The Hastings Center Report 30, No. 2, pp. 41–43 doi:10.2307/3528314
  • Biotechnology and Monstrosity: Why We Should Pay Attention to the "Yuk Factor" (2000) The Hastings Center Report 30, No. 5, pp. 7–15 doi:10.2307/3527881
  • Earth Song (2000) New Statesman
  • Both nice and nasty (2000) New Statesman
  • Individualism and the Concept of Gaia (2000) Review of International Studies 26, pp. 29–44
  • Consciousness, Fatalism and Science (2000) The Human Person in Science and Theology ed Niels Hendrik Gregerson, Willem B. Drees and Ulf Gorman
  • Human Nature, Human Variety, Human Freedom (2000) Being Humans: Anthropological Universality and Particularity ed Neil Roughley
  • Why Memes? (2000) Alas, Poor Darwin ed Hukary and Steven Rose
  • The Need for Wonder (2000) God for the 21st Century ed Russell Stannard
  • What Gaia Means (2001) The Guardian
  • The bankers' abstract vision of the globe is limited (2001) The Guardian
  • The Problem of Living with Wildness (2001) Wolves and Human Communities: Biology, Politics and Ethics ed Virginia A. Sharpe, Bryan Norton and Strachan Donelley
  • Wickedness (2001) The Philosophers' Magazine pp. 23–5
  • Being Objective (2001) Nature 410, p. 753 doi:10.1038/35071193
  • Heaven and Earth, an Awkward History (2001–2002) Philosophy Now 34 p. 18
  • Does the Earth Concern Us? (2001–2002) Gaia Circular, p. 4
  • Choosing the Selectors (2002) Proceedings of the British Academy 112 published as The Evolution of Cultural Entities ed Michael Wheeler, John Ziman and Margaret A. Boden
  • Pluralism: The Many-Maps Model (2002) Philosophy Now 35
  • How real are you? (2002) Think. A Periodical of the Royal Institute of Philosophy
  • Reply to target article: “Inventing the Subject; the Renewal of ’Psychological’ Psychology”
  • Archivado el 22 de junio de 2007 en la Wayback Machine. (2002) Journal of Anthropological Psychology
  • Enough is never enough (2002) The Guardian
  • It's all in the mind (2002) The Guardian
  • Science and Poetry (2003) Situation Analysis 2 (edited extract from Chapters 17 Individualism and the Concept of Gaia and 18 Gods and Goddesses; the Role of Wonder of Science and Poetry)
  • Great Thinkers – James Lovelock (2003) New Statesman
  • Curiouser and curiouser (2003) The Guardian
  • Fate by fluke (2003) The Guardian
  • Criticising the Cosmos (2003) Is Nature Ever Evil? Religion, Science and Value ed Willem B. Drees
  • Zombies (2003–2004) Philosophy Now pp. 13–14
  • Souls, Minds, Bodies, Planets pt1 and pt2 (2004) Two-part article on the Mind Body problem Philosophy Now
  • Us and Them (2004) New Statesman
  • Counting the cost of revenge (2004) The Guardian
  • Mind and Body: The End of Apartheid (2004) Science, Consciousness and Ultimate Reality ed David Lorimer
  • Why Clones? (2004) Scientific and Medical Network Review, No. 84
  • Visions and Values (2005) Resurgence 228
  • Proud not to be a doctor (2005) The Guardian
  • Designs on Darwinism (2005) The Guardian
  • Review: The God Delusion by Richard Dawkins (2006) New Scientist Issue 2572 doi:10.1016/S0262-4079(06)60674-X
  • Rethinking sex and the selfish gene: why we do it (2006) Heredity 96, No. 3, pp. 271–2 doi:10.1038/sj.hdy.6800798
  • A Plague On Both Their Houses (2007) Philosophy Now 64
  • Mary Midgley on Dawkins (2007) Interlog
  • Does Science Make God Obsolete? (2008) John Templeton Foundation

Erreferentziak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Bibliografia[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Kanpo loturak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

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