National Book Award

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National Book Award edo Liburuaren Sari Nazionala Ameriketako Estatu Batuetan ematen diren literatura sari garrantzitsuenetako bat da. 1950ean hasi zen eta ordutik aurreko urtean idazle estatubatuarrek argitara emandako literatur lanak saritzen ditu zenbait kategoriatan: fikzioa, ez-fikzioa, poesia eta haur literatura.

Gainera, atzerriko hizkuntza batean idatzitako eta ingelesera itzulitako literatur lanak ere saritzen ditu.

1960tik 1980ra bitartean gaur egun kontuan hartzen ez diren beste hainbat kategoria saritu ziren, besteak beste, Zientzia, Filosofia eta Erlijioa, Historia eta Biografia, Arteak eta Letrak...

Horiez gain, beste bi sari ematen dira. Batetik, Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters dominaren bidez idazleen ibilbide osoa ere saritzen da, eta bestetik, Literarian Award for Outstanding Service delakoa literaturaren kultura zabaltzen lagundu dutenei zuzendua.

Gaur egungo kategoriak eta irabazleak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Fikzioa[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

1950  Nelson Algren The Man with the Golden Arm
1951 William Faulkner The Collected Stories of William Faulkner
1952 James Jones From Here to Eternity
1953 Ralph Ellison Invisible Man
1954 Saul Bellow The Adventures of Augie March
1955 William Faulkner A Fable
1956 John O'Hara Ten North Frederick
1957 Wright Morris The Field of Vision
1958 John Cheever The Wapshot Chronicle
1959 Bernard Malamud The Magic Barrel
1960 Philip Roth Goodbye, Columbus
1961 Conrad Richter The Waters of Kronos
1962 Walker Percy The Moviegoer
1963 J. F. Powers Morte d'Urban
1964 John Updike The Centaur
1965 Saul Bellow Herzog
1966 Katherine Anne Porter  The Collected Stories of Katherine Anne Porter
1967 Bernard Malamud The Fixer
1968 Thornton Wilder The Eighth Day
1969 Jerzy Kosinski Steps
1970 Joyce Carol Oates Them
1971 Saul Bellow Mr. Sammler's Planet
1972 Flannery O'Connor The Complete Stories
1973 John Barth Chimera
1974 Thomas Pynchon Gravity's Rainbow
1975 Robert Stone Dog Soldiers
1976 William Gaddis J R
1977 Wallace Stegner The Spectator Bird
1978 Mary Lee Settle Blood Tie
1979 Tim O'Brien Going After Cacciato
1980 William Styron Sophie's Choice
1980 John Irving The World According to Garp
1981 Wright Morris Plains Song: For Female Voices
1981 John Cheever The Stories of John Cheever
1982 John Updike Rabbit is Rich
1983 Alice Walker The Color Purple
1983 Eudora Welty The Collected Stories of Eudora Welty
1984 Ellen Gilchrist Victory Over Japan: A Book of Stories
1985 Don DeLillo White Noise
1986 E.L. Doctorow World's Fair
1987 Larry Heinemann Paco's Story
1988 Pete Dexter Paris Trout
1989 John Casey Spartina
1990 Charles Johnson Middle Passage
1991 Norman Rush Mating
1992 Cormac McCarthy All the Pretty Horses
1993 Annie Proulx The Shipping News
1994 William Gaddis A Frolic of His Own
1995 Philip Roth Sabbath's Theater
1996 Andrea Barrett Ship Fever and Other Stories
1997 Charles Frazier Cold Mountain
1998 Alice McDermott Charming Billy
1999 Ha Jin Waiting
2000 Susan Sontag In America
2001 Jonathan Franzen The Corrections
2002 Julia Glass Three Junes
2003 Shirley Hazzard The Great Fire
2004 Lily Tuck The News from Paraguay
2005 William T. Vollmann Europe Central
2006 Richard Powers The Echo Maker
2007 Denis Johnson Tree of Smoke
2008 Peter Matthiessen Shadow Country
2009 Colum McCann Let the Great World Spin
2010 Jaimy Gordon Lord of Misrule
2011 Jesmyn Ward Salvage the Bones
2012 Louise Erdrich The Round House
2013 James McBride The Good Lord Bird
2014 Phil Klay Redeployment
2015 Adam Johnson Fortune Smiles
2016 Colson Whitehead The Underground Railroad
2017 Jesmyn Ward Sing, Unburied, Sing
2018 Sigrid Nunez The Friend
2019 Susan Choi Trust Exercise
2020 Charles Yu Interior Chinatown

Ez-fikzioa[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

1950 Ralph L. Rusk The Life of Ralph Waldo Emerson (biog. Ralph Waldo Emerson)
1951 Newton Arvin Herman Melville (biog. Herman Melville)
1952 Rachel Carson The Sea Around Us
1953 Bernard A. DeVoto The Course of Empire
1954 Bruce Catton A Stillness at Appomattox (third of 3 vols)
1955 Joseph Wood Krutch The Measure of Man
1956 Herbert Kubly An American in Italy
1957 George F. Kennan Russia Leaves the War
1958 Catherine Drinker Bowen The Lion and the Throne (ikusi Edward Coke)
1959 J. Christopher Herold Mistress to an Age: A Life of Madame de Staël
1960 Richard Ellmann James Joyce (James Joyceren biografia)
1961 William L. Shirer The Rise and Fall of the Third Reich
1962 Lewis Mumford The City in History: Its Origins, its Transformations and its Prospects
1963 Leon Edel Henry James, volumes II and III (Henry James-en biografia)
1984 Robert V. Remini Andrew Jackson: The Course of American Democracy, 1833-1845 (Andrew Jackson-en biografia)
1985 J. Anthony Lukas Common Ground: A Turbulent Decade in the Lives of Three American Families
1986 Barry Lopez Arctic Dreams: Imagination and Desire in a Northern Landscape
1987 Richard Rhodes The Making of the Atomic Bomb
1988 Neil Sheehan A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam
1989 Thomas L. Friedman From Beirut to Jerusalem
1990 Ron Chernow The House of Morgan: An American Banking Dynasty and the Rise of Modern Finance
1991 Orlando Patterson Freedom, Vol. 1: Freedom in the Making of Western Culture
1992 Paul Monette Becoming a Man: Half a Life Story
1993 Gore Vidal United States: Essays 1952-1992
1994 Sherwin B. Nuland How We Die: Reflections on Life's Final Chapter
1995 Tina Rosenberg The Haunted Land: Facing Europe's Ghosts After Communism
1996 James P. Carroll An American Requiem: God, My Father, and the War that Came Between Us
1997 Joseph J. Ellis American Sphinx: The Character of Thomas Jefferson
1998 Edward Ball Slaves in the Family
1999 John W. Dower Embracing Defeat: Japan in the Wake of World War II
2000 Nathaniel Philbrick In the Heart of the Sea: The Tragedy of the Whaleship Essex
2001 Andrew Solomon The Noonday Demon: An Atlas of Depression
2002 Robert A. Caro Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson
2003 Carlos Eire Waiting for Snow in Havana: Confessions of a Cuban Boy
2004 Kevin Boyle Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age
2005 Joan Didion The Year of Magical Thinking
2006 Timothy Egan The Worst Hard Time: The Untold Story of Those Who Survived the Great American Dust Bowl
2007 Tim Weiner Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA
2008 Annette Gordon-Reed  The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family
2009 T.J. Stiles The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt (biog. Cornelius Vanderbilt)
2010 Patti Smith Just Kids
2011 Stephen Greenblatt The Swerve: How the World Became Modern
2012 Katherine Boo Behind the Beautiful Forevers: Life, Death, and Hope in a Mumbai Undercity
2013 George Packer The Unwinding: An Inner History of the New America
2014 Evan Osnos Age of Ambition: Chasing Fortune, Truth, and Faith in the New China
2015 Ta-Nehisi Coates Between the World and Me
2016 Ibram X. Kendi Stamped from the Beginning: The Definitive History of Racist Ideas in America
2017 Masha Gessen The Future Is History: How Totalitarianism Reclaimed Russia
2018 Jeffrey C. Stewart The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke
2019 Sarah M. Broom The Yellow House
2020 Les Payne and Tamara Payne The Dead Are Arising: The Life of Malcolm X

Poesia[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

1950 William Carlos Williams  Paterson: Book Three and Selected Poems
1951 Wallace Stevens The Auroras of Autumn
1952 Marianne Moore Collected Poems
1953 Archibald MacLeish Collected Poems, 1917-1952
1954 Conrad Aiken Collected Poems
1955 Wallace Stevens The Collected Poems of Wallace Stevens
1956 W. H. Auden The Shield of Achilles
1957 Richard Wilbur Things of This World
1958 Robert Penn Warren Promises: Poems, 1954-1956
1959 Theodore Roethke Words for the Wind
1960 Robert Lowell Life Studies
1961 Randall Jarrell The Woman at the Washington Zoo
1962 Alan Dugan Poems
1963 William Stafford Traveling Through the Dark
1964 John Crowe Ransom Selected Poems
1965 Theodore Roethke The Far Field
1966 James Dickey Buckdancer's Choice
1967 James Merrill Nights and Days
1968 Robert Bly The Light Around the Body
1969 John Berryman His Toy, His Dream, His Rest
1970 Elizabeth Bishop The Complete Poems
1971 Mona Van Duyn To See, To Take
1972 Frank O'Hara The Collected Works of Frank O'Hara
1973 A. R. Ammons Collected Poems, 1951-1971
1974 Allen Ginsberg The Fall of America: Poems of these States, 1965-1971
Adrienne Rich Diving into the Wreck: Poems 1971–1972
1975 Marilyn Hacker Presentation Piece
1976 John Ashbery Self-portrait in a Convex Mirror
1977 Richard Eberhart Collected Poems, 1930-1976
1978 Howard Nemerov The Collected Poems of Howard Nemerov
1979 James Merrill Mirabell: Book of Numbers
1980 Philip Levine Ashes: Poems New and Old
1981 Lisel Mueller The Need to Hold Still
1982 William Bronk Life Supports: New and Collected Poems
1983 Galway Kinnell Selected Poems
Charles Wright Country Music: Selected Early Poems
1991 Philip Levine What Work Is
1992 Mary Oliver New and Selected Poems
1993 A. R. Ammons Garbage
1994 James Tate A Worshipful Company of Fletchers
1995 Stanley Kunitz Passing Through: The Later Poems
1996 Hayden Carruth Scrambled Eggs and Whiskey
1997 William Meredith Effort at Speech: New and Selected Poems
1998 Gerald Stern This Time: New and Selected Poems
1999 Ai Vice: New and Selected Poems
2000 Lucille Clifton Blessing the Boats: New and Selected Poems 1988-2000
2001 Alan Dugan Poems Seven: New and Complete Poetry
2002 Ruth Stone In the Next Galaxy
2003 C. K. Williams The Singing
2004 Jean Valentine Door in the Mountain: New and Collected Poems, 1965-2003
2005 W. S. Merwin Migration: New and Selected Poems
2006 Nathaniel Mackey Splay Anthem
2007 Robert Hass Time and Materials: Poems, 1997-2005
2008 Mark Doty Fire to Fire: New and Collected Poems
2009 Keith Waldrop Transcendental Studies: A Trilogy
2010 Terrance Hayes Lighthead
2011 Nikky Finney Head Off & Split
2012 David Ferry Bewilderment: New Poems and Translations
2013 Mary Szybist Incarnadine
2014 Louise Glück Faithful and Virtuous Night
2015 Robin Coste Lewis Voyage of the Sable Venus.
2016 Daniel Borzutzky The Performance of Becoming Human
2017 Frank Bidart Half-light: Collected Poems 1965–2016
2018 Justin Phillip Reed Indecency
2019 Arthur Sze Sight Lines
2020 Don Mee Choi DMZ Colony

Haur literatura[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

1996 Victor Martinez Parrott in the Oven: MiVida
1997 Han Nolan Dancing on the Edge
1998 Louis Sachar Holes
1999 Kimberly Willis Holt When Zachary Beaver Came to Town
2000 Gloria Whelan Homeless Bird
2001 Virginia Euwer Wolff True Believer
2002 Nancy Farmer The House of the Scorpion
2003 Polly Horvath The Canning Season
2004 Pete Hautman Godless
2005 Jeanne Birdsall The Penderwicks: A Summer Tale of Four Sisters, Two Rabbits, and a Very Interesting Boy
2006 M.T. Anderson The Astonishing Life of Octavian Nothing, Traitor to the Nation, Vol. I
2007 Sherman Alexie The Absolutely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian
2008 Judy Blundell What I Saw and How I Lied
2009 Phillip Hoose Claudette Colvin: Twice Toward Justice
2010 Kathryn Erskine Mockingbird
2011 Thanhha Lai Inside Out and Back Again
2012 William Alexander Goblin Secrets
2013 Cynthia Kadohata The Thing About Luck
2014 Jacqueline Woodson Brown Girl Dreaming
2015 Neal Shusterman Challenger Deep
2016 John Lewis, Nate Powell, and Andrew Aydin March: Book Three
2017 Robin Benway Far from the Tree
2018 Elizabeth Acevedo The Poet X
2019 Martin W. Sandler 1919 The Year That Changed America
2020 Kacen Callender King and the Dragonflies

Ingelesera itzulitako literatura[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

1967 Gregory Rabassa Julio Cortázarren Hopscotch
1968 Howard Hong
Edna Hong
Søren Kierkegaarden Journals and Papers (7 bolumenetako lehena.)
1969 William Weaver Italo Calvino's Cosmicomics
1970 Ralph Manheim Céline's Castle to Castle
1971 Frank Jones Bertolt Brecht's Saint Joan of the Stockyards
1972 Austryn Wainhouse Jacques Monod's Chance and Necessity
1973 Allen Mandelbaum The Aeneid of Virgil
1974 Karen Brazell The Confessions of Lady Nijo
Jackson Matthews Paul Valéry-ren Monsieur Teste
1975 Anthony Kerrigan Miguel de Unamunoren The Agony of Christianity and Essays on Faith
1977 Li-Li Ch'en Master Tung's Western Chamber Romance
1978 Richard and Clara Winston Uwe George's In the Deserts of This Earth
1979 Clayton Eshleman
José Rubia Barcia
César Vallejo's The Complete Posthumous Poetry
1980 William Arrowsmith Cesare Pavese's Hard Labor
Jane Gary Harris
Constance Link
Osip E. Mandelstam-en Complete Critical Prose and Letters
1981 Francis Steegmuller The Letters of Gustave Flaubert
  John E. Woods Arno Schmidt's Evening Edged in Gold
1982 Robert Lyons Danly Higuchi Ichiyō-ren In the Shade of Spring Leaves
Ian Hideo Levy The Ten Thousand Leaves: A Translation of The Man'Yoshu, Japan's Premier Anthology of Classical Poetry
1983 Richard Howard Charles Baudelaire-ren Les Fleurs du mal
1984-2017 (Ez zen saririk eman)
2018 Margaret Mitsutani Tawada Yoko-ren The Emissary
2019 Ottilie Mulzet László Krasznahorkai-ren Baron Wenckheim's Homecoming
2020 Miri Yu Morgan Gile's Tokyo Ueno Station

Medal of Distinguished Contribution to American Letters (Domina ibilbide osoari)[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Sari honen bitartez idazleen ibilbide osoa saritzen da.

Literarian Award for Outstanding Service[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Sari hau literaturaren kultura zabaltzen lagundu dutenei zuzenduta dago.


Kanpo estekak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]