Preso politiko

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Preso politiko baten askatasuna eskatzeko mobilizazioa. Preso politikoen alde gizarte-mugimendu eta erakunde anitzek dihardute lanean, euren giza eskubideen defentsan.
Sabin Arana kartzelan, Kubaren independentziaren alde emandako iritzien ondorioz.

Preso politikoa bere aktibismo edo ideologia politikoarengatik preso dagoen pertsona da. Gehienetan, estatuek ukatu egiten dute preso politikoen existentzia euren jurisdikzioan eta disidentzia politikoarengatik preso dauden pertsonei terrorismo, traizio, sedizio eta matxinada-delituak leporatzen dizkiete, preso politiko estatusa eta izendapena saihestu eta preso arrunt gisa tratatzeko. Izan ere, preso politikoen existentzia giza eskubideen aurkakoa dela ezartzen da giza eskubideen aldeko karta eta itun gehienetan.

Beste alde batetik, euren aktibismoan indarkeria baliatu eta sustatu duten presoak ezin dira preso politikotzat jo batzuen arabera.

Beste irizpide bati jarraikiz, arrazoi erlijioso edo filosofikoengatiko kontzientzia-preso kategorian biltzen dira preso politikoak.

Preso politiko ospetsuak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Erreferentziak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  1. (Ingelesez)  «Top 10 Political Prisoners» Time 2010-08-15 http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/completelist/0,29569,2024558,00.html
    Aipua: «Full List FREEDOM FIGHTERS: Aung San Suu Kyi, Nelson Mandela, Mohandas Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Andrei Sakharov, Vaclav Havel, Akbar Ganji, Benigno Aquino Jr., Ho Chi Minh»Full List FREEDOM FIGHTERS: Aung San Suu Kyi, Nelson Mandela, Mohandas Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr., Andrei Sakharov, Vaclav Havel, Akbar Ganji, Benigno Aquino Jr., Ho Chi Minh
     .
  2. (Ingelesez)  Weaver, Mary Anne Pakistan: In the Shadow of Jihad and Afghanistan Macmillan Publishers 73. orrialdea
    Aipua: «Benazir Bhutto [...] was under house arrest at the time of her father's death; Zia made her a political prisoner for four years»Benazir Bhutto [...] was under house arrest at the time of her father's death; Zia made her a political prisoner for four years
     .
  3. (Ingelesez)  Germino, Dante L. Antonio Gramsci: Architect of a New Politics Louisiana State University Press 23. orrialdea
    Aipua: «Gramsci carried with him from his Sardinian upbringing two qualities that were to enable him to stand [...] his long years as a political prisoner in Benito Mussolini's Italy»Gramsci carried with him from his Sardinian upbringing two qualities that were to enable him to stand [...] his long years as a political prisoner in Benito Mussolini's Italy
     .
  4. (Ingelesez)  Kim, Jack (2009-08-18) «Former South Korean leader Kim Dae-jung dies» Reuters (Seul) https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE57H0LO20090818
    Aipua: «The former political prisoner, once sentenced to death under one of the country's early military rulers whom he relentlessly opposed, was elected South Korea's president in December 1997 on his fourth attempt.»The former political prisoner, once sentenced to death under one of the country's early military rulers whom he relentlessly opposed, was elected South Korea's president in December 1997 on his fourth attempt.
     .
  5. (Ingelesez)  Boehmer, Elleke Nelson Mandela: a very short introduction Oxford: Oxford University Press https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=SR5jwUmYdXkC&oi=fnd&pg=PT10&dq=nelson+Mandela+%22political+prisoner%22&ots=X46u-Id2yU&sig=t-ogLcuBEP0qOZU4hhqLuXFE-lA#v=snippet&q=political%20prisoner&f=false .
  6. (Ingelesez)  Gornick, Vivian Emma Goldman Yale University Press ISBN 978-0-300-17761-9 https://books.google.com/books?id=KfVB7x6i5toC .
  7. (Ingelesez)  Vellacott, Jo Bertrand Russell and the Pacifists in the First World War Brighton: Harvester Press ISBN 0-85527-454-9 .
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