Pulitzer Saria Biografia edo Autobiografia

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Pulitzer Sariaren urrezko dominaren aurrealdea eta atzealdea.

Pulitzer Saria Biografia edo Auto-biografian urtero Letren, Antzerkien eta Musikengatik ematen diren zazpi AEBko Pulitzer Sarietako bat da, eta Columbia Unibertsitateak kudeatzen du. 1917az geroztik aurkeztu da egile estatubatuar batek biografia, autobiografia edo memorien liburu bereizgarri bat saritzeko, eta aurreko urte naturalean argitaratua.[1]

Beraz, jatorrizko Pulitzerren artean dago, izan ere, programa 1917an inauguratu zen zazpi sari izendatuta, baina urte horretan lau soikik banatu ziren.[2]

Irabazleak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

2013ra arteko lehen 97 urteetan, Pulitzer Saria Biografia edo Autobiografian 97 aldiz eman zuten. 1938an bi eman ziren, bat ere ez 1962an.[3]

  • 1917: Julia Ward Howe by Laura E. Richards and Maud Howe Elliott, assisted by Florence Howe Hall
  • 1918: Benjamin Franklin, Self-Revealed by William Cabell Bruce
  • 1919: The Education of Henry Adams by Henry Adams
  • 1920: The Life of John Marshall, 4 vols. by Albert J. Beveridge
  • 1921: The Americanization of Edward Bok: The Autobiography of a Dutch Boy Fifty Years After by Edward Bok
  • 1922: A Daughter of the Middle Border by Hamlin Garland
  • 1923: The Life and Letters of Walter H. Page by Burton J. Hendrick
  • 1924: From Immigrant to Inventor by Michael I. Pupin
  • 1925: Barrett Wendell and His Letters by M. A. Dewolfe Howe
  • 1926: The Life of Sir William Osler, 2 vols. by Harvey Cushing
  • 1927: Whitman by Emory Holloway
  • 1928: The American Orchestra and Theodore Thomas by Charles Edward Russell
  • 1929: The Training of an American: The Earlier Life and Letters of Walter H. Page by Burton J. Hendrick
  • 1930: The Raven: A Biography of Sam Houston by Marquis James
  • 1931: Charles W. Eliot, President of Harvard University, 1869–1901 by Henry James
  • 1932: Theodore Roosevelt: A Biography by Henry F. Pringle
  • 1933: Grover Cleveland: A Study in Courage by Allan Nevins
  • 1934: John Hay by Tyler Dennett
  • 1935: R. E. Lee by Douglas S. Freeman
  • 1936: The Thought and Character of William James by Ralph Barton Perry
  • 1937: Hamilton Fish by Allan Nevins
  • 1938: Pedlar's Progress: The Life of Bronson Alcott by Odell Shepard
  • 1938: Andrew Jackson, 2 vols. by Marquis James
  • 1939: Benjamin Franklin by Carl Van Doren
  • 1940: Woodrow Wilson, Life and Letters. Vols. VII and VIII by Ray Stannard Baker
  • 1941: Jonathan Edwards, 1703–1758: a biography by Ola Elizabeth Winslow
  • 1942: Crusader in Crinoline: The Life of Harriet Beecher Stowe by Forrest Wilson
  • 1943: Admiral of the Ocean Sea by Samuel Eliot Morison
  • 1944: The American Leonardo: The Life of Samuel F. B. Morse by Carleton Mabee
  • 1945: George Bancroft: Brahmin Rebel by Russel Blaine Nye
  • 1946: Son of the Wilderness: The Life of John Muir by Linnie Marsh Wolfe
  • 1947: The Autobiography of William Allen White by William Allen White
  • 1948: Forgotten First Citizen: John Bigelow by Margaret Clapp
  • 1949: Roosevelt and Hopkins by Robert E. Sherwood
  • 1950: John Quincy Adams and the Foundations of American Foreign Policy by Samuel Flagg Bemis
  • 1951: John C. Calhoun: American Portrait by Margaret Louise Coit
  • 1952: Charles Evans Hughes by Merlo J. Pusey
  • 1953: Edmund Pendleton 1721–1803 by David J. Mays
  • 1954: The Spirit of St. Louis by Charles A. Lindbergh
  • 1955: The Taft Story by William S. White
  • 1956: Benjamin Henry Latrobe by Talbot Faulkner Hamlin
  • 1957: Profiles in Courage by John F. Kennedy
  • 1958: George Washington, Volumes I-VII by Douglas Southall Freeman with John Alexander Carroll and Mary Wells Ashworth
  • 1959: Woodrow Wilson, American Prophet by Arthur Walworth
  • 1960: John Paul Jones by Samuel Eliot Morison
  • 1961: Charles Sumner and the Coming of the Civil War by David Donald
  • 1962: no award given
  • 1963: Henry James by Leon Edel
  • 1964: John Keats by Walter Jackson Bate
  • 1965: Henry Adams, 3 vols., by Ernest Samuels
  • 1966: A Thousand Days: John F. Kennedy in the White House by Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
  • 1967: Mr. Clemens and Mark Twain by Justin Kaplan
  • 1968: Memoirs by George F. Kennan
  • 1969: The Man From New York: John Quinn and His Friends by Benjamin Lawrence Reid
  • 1970: Huey Long by Thomas Harry Williams
  • 1971: Robert Frost : The Years of Triumph, 1915–1938, by Lawrance Thompson
  • 1972: Eleanor and Franklin by Joseph P. Lash
  • 1973: Luce and His Empire by W. A. Swanberg
  • 1974: O'Neill, Son and Artist by Louis Sheaffer
  • 1975: The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York by Robert Caro
  • 1976: Edith Wharton: A Biography by R. W. B. Lewis
  • 1977: A Prince of Our Disorder: The Life of T. E. Lawrence by John E. Mack
  • 1978: Samuel Johnson by Walter Jackson Bate
  • 1979: Days of Sorrow and Pain: Leo Baeck and the Berlin Jews by Leonard Baker
  • 1980: The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt by Edmund Morris
  • 1981: Peter the Great: His Life and World by Robert K. Massie
  • 1982: Grant: A Biography by William S. McFeely
  • 1983: Growing Up by Russell Baker
  • 1984: Booker T. Washington: The Wizard of Tuskegee, 1901–1915 by Louis R. Harlan
  • 1985: The Life and Times of Cotton Mather by Kenneth Silverman
  • 1986: Louise Bogan: A Portrait by Elizabeth Frank
  • 1987: Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference by David J. Garrow
  • 1988: Look Homeward: A Life of Thomas Wolfe by David Herbert Donald
  • 1989: Oscar Wilde by Richard Ellmann
  • 1990: Machiavelli in Hell by Sebastian de Grazia
  • 1991: Jackson Pollock: An American Saga by Steven Naifeh and Gregory White Smith
  • 1992: Fortunate Son: The Autobiography of Lewis B. Puller Jr. by Lewis B. Puller
  • 1993: Truman by David McCullough
  • 1994: W. E. B. Du Bois: Biography of a Race, 1868–1919 by David Levering Lewis
  • 1995: Harriet Beecher Stowe: A Life by Joan D. Hedrick
  • 1996: God: A Biography by Jack Miles
  • 1997: Angela's Ashes: A Memoir by Frank McCourt
  • 1998: Personal History by Katharine Graham
  • 1999: Lindbergh by A. Scott Berg
  • 2000: Vera, Mrs. Vladimir Nabokov by Stacy Schiff
  • 2001: W. E. B. Du Bois: The Fight for Equality and the American Century 1919-1963 by David Levering Lewis
  • 2002: John Adams by David McCullough
  • 2003: Master of the Senate: The Years of Lyndon Johnson by Robert Caro
  • 2004: Khrushchev: The Man and His Era by William Taubman
  • 2005: de Kooning: An American Master by Mark Stevens and Annalyn Swan
  • 2006: American Prometheus: The Triumph and Tragedy of J. Robert Oppenheimer by Kai Bird and Martin J. Sherwin
  • 2007: The Most Famous Man in America: The Biography of Henry Ward Beecher by Debby Applegate
  • 2008: Eden's Outcasts: The Story of Louisa May Alcott and Her Father by John Matteson
  • 2009: American Lion: Andrew Jackson in the White House by Jon Meacham
  • 2010: The First Tycoon: The Epic Life of Cornelius Vanderbilt by T.J. Stiles
  • 2011: Washington: A Life by Ron Chernow
  • 2012: George F. Kennan: An American Life by John Lewis Gaddis
  • 2013: The Black Count: Glory, Revolution, Betrayal, and the Real Count of Monte Cristo by Tom Reiss
  • 2014: Margaret Fuller: A New American Life by Megan Marshall
  • 2015: The Pope and Mussolini: The Secret History of Pius XI and the Rise of Fascism in Europe by David I. Kertzer
  • 2016: Barbarian Days: A Surfing Life by William Finnegan
  • 2017: The Return: Fathers, Sons and the Land in Between by Hisham Matar
  • 2018: Prairie Fires: The American Dreams of Laura Ingalls Wilder by Caroline Fraser
  • 2019: The New Negro: The Life of Alain Locke by Jeffrey C. Stewart
  • 2020: Sontag: Her Life and Work by Benjamin Moser
  • 2021: The Dead Are Arising: The Life of Malcolm X by Les Payne and Tamara Payne
  • 2022: Chasing Me to My Grave: An Artist's Memoir of the Jim Crow South, by the late Winfred Rembert as told to Erin I. Kelly

Errepikatu duten saridunak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Hamar lagunek irabazi dute bi aldiz Pulitzer Saria Biografia edo Autobiografian:

  • Burton J. Hendrick, 1923, 1929
  • Allan Nevins, 1933, 1937
  • Marquis James, 1930, 1938
  • Douglas S. Freeman, 1935, 1958
  • Samuel Eliot Morison, 1943, 1960
  • Walter Jackson Bate, 1964, 1978
  • David Herbert Donald, 1961, 1988
  • David Levering Lewis, 1994, 2001
  • David McCullough, 1993, 2002
  • Robert Caro, 1975, 2003

W. A. Swanberg Pulitzer zuzendaritzak 1962an eta 1973an hautatu zuen, baina Columbia Unibertsitateko patronatuak Hearst herritarra-rentzat proposatutako 1962 saria baliogabetu egin zuen.

Erreferentziak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  1. (Ingelesez) Hohenberg, John. (1974). The Pulitzer Prizes: A History of the Awards in Books, Drama, Music, and Journalism, Based on the Private Files Over Six Decades. New York: Columbia University Press, pp. 55, 143–44, 198, 204, 258 or. ISBN 0231038879..
  2. (Ingelesez) "1917 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes (pulitzer.org).
  3. (Ingelesez) "Biography: Prize Winners by Category". www.pulitzer.org.

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