Pulitzer Saria Historian

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Pulitzer Sariaren urrezko dominaren aurrealdea eta atzealdea.

Pulitzer Saria Historian urtero Letren, Antzerkiaren eta Musikarengatik banatzen diren zazpi Amerikako Pulitzer Sarietako bat da, Columbia Unibertsitateak kudeatuta. Egile estatubatuar batek aurreko urteko egutegian argitaratutako Estatu Batuetako historiari buruzko liburu bereizgarri bat aitortzen du. Pulitzer saria izanik, jatorrizko Pulitzerretako programa 1917an eratu zenean zazpi sarietako bat izan zen, horietatik lau urte horretan bertan banatu zirela.[1] Pulitzer sariaren programak zenbait lan historiko ere aitortu ditu bere Biografia sariarekin 1917tik aurrera, eta Ez-Fikziozko Sari Nagusiarekin 1962tik hona.

1980tik urrera bi finalistak ere iragarriak izan dira, irabazlearekin batera.[2]

Irabazleak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

2013ra arteko lehen 97 urteetan, Pulitzer Saria Historian 95 aldiz eman zuten. 1989an bi sari eman ziren, eta bat ere ez 1919an, 1984an eta 1994an.[2]

  • 1917 Jean Jules Jusserand (With Americans of Past and Present Days)
  • 1918 James Ford Rhodes (A History of the Civil War, 1961-1965)
  • 1919 ez zen saririk eman
  • 1920 Justin H. Smith (The War with Mexico)
  • 1921 William Soaden Simms eta Burton J. Hendrick (The Victory at Sea)
  • 1922 James Truslow Adams (The Founding of New England)
  • 1923 Charles Warren (The Supreme Court in United States History)
  • 1924 Charles Howard McIlwain (The American Revolution: A Constitutional Interpretation)
  • 1925 Frederic L. Paxon (History of the American Frontier)
  • 1926 Edwin Channing (A History of the United States)
  • 1927 Samuel Flagg Bemis (Pinckney's Treaty)
  • 1928 Vernon Louis Parrington (Main Current in American Thought)
  • 1929 Fred Albert Shannon (The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861-1865)
  • 1930 Claude H. Van Tyne (The War of Independence)
  • 1931 Bernadotte E. Schmitt (The Coming of the War: 1914)
  • 1932 John Joseph Pershing (My Experiences in the World War)
  • 1933 Frederick J. Turner (The Significance of Sections in American History)
  • 1934 Herbert Agar (The People's Choice)
  • 1935 Charles McLean Andrews (The Colonial Period of American History)
  • 1936 Andrew C. McLaughlin (A Constitutional History of the United States)
  • 1937 Van Wyck Brooks (The Flowering of New England, 1815-1865)
  • 1938 Paul Herman Buck (The Road to Reunion, 1865-1900)
  • 1939 Frank Luther Mott (A History of American Magazines)
  • 1940 Carl Sandburg (Abraham Lincoln: The War Years)
  • 1941 Marcus Lee Hansen (The Atlantic Migration, 1607-1860)
  • 1942 Margaret Leech (Reveille in Washington, 1860-1865))
  • 1943 Esther Forbes (Paul Revere and the World He Lived In)
  • 1944 Merle Curti (The Growth of American Thought)
  • 1945 Stephen Bonsal (Unfinished Business)
  • 1946 Arthur Meier Schlesinger (The Age of Jackson)
  • 1947 James Phinney Baxter III (Scientists Again Time)
  • 1948 Bernard DeVoto (Across the Wide Missouri)
  • 1949 Roy Franklin Nichols (The Disruption of American Democracy)
  • 1950 Oliver W. Larkin (Art and Life in America)
  • 1951 R. Carlyle Buley (The Old Northwest, Pioneer Period 1815-1840)
  • 1952 Oscar Handlin (The Uprooted)
  • 1953 George Dangerfield (The Era of Good Feelings)
  • 1954 Bruce Catton (A Stillness at Appomattox)
  • 1955 Paul Horgan (Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History)
  • 1956 Richard Hofstadter (The Age of Reform)
  • 1957 George F. Kennan (Russia Leaves the War: Soviet-American Relations, 1917-1920)
  • 1958 Bray Hammond (Banks and Politics in America)
  • 1959 Leonard D. White eta Jean Schneider (The Republican Era, 1869-1901)
  • 1960 Margaret Leech (In the Days of McKinley)
  • 1961 Herbert Feis (Between War and Peace: The Potsdan Conference)
  • 1962 Lawrence H. Gipson (The Triunphant Empire: Thunder-Clouds Gather in the West, 1763-1766)
  • 1963 Constance McLaughlin Green (Washington, Village and Capital, 1800-1878)
  • 1964 Sumner Chilton Powell (Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town)
  • 1965 Irwin Unger (The Greenback Era)
  • 1966 Perry Miller (The Life of the Mind in America)
  • 1967 William H. Goetzmann (Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the American West)
  • 1968 Bernard Baylin (The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution)
  • 1969 Leonard W. Levy (Origins of the Fifth Amendment)
  • 1970 Dean Acheson (Present at the Creation: My Years at the State Department)
  • 1971 James MacGregor Burns (Roosevelt: The Soldier Of Freedom)
  • 1972 Carl N. Degler (Neither Black nor White)
  • 1973 Michael Kammen (People of Paradox: An Inquiry Concerning the Origins of American Civilization)
  • 1974 Daniel J. Boorstin (The Americans: The Democratic Experience)
  • 1975 Dumas Malone (Jefferson and His Time)
  • 1976 Paul Horgan (Lamy of Santa Fe)
  • 1977 David M. Potter (The Impending Crisis: 1848-1861)
  • 1978 Alfred D. Chandler Jr. (The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business)
  • 1979 Don E. Fehrenbacher (The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics)
  • 1980 Leon F. Litwack (Been in the Storm So Long)
  • 1981 Lawrence A. Cremin (American Education: The National Experience, 1783-1876)
  • 1982 Comer Van Woodward (Mary Chestnut's Civil War)
  • 1983 Rhys L. Isaac (The Transformation of Virginia, 1740-1790)
  • 1984 ez zen saririk eman
  • 1985 Thomas K. McCraw (Prophets of Regulationa)
  • 1986 Walter A. McDougall (...the Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age)
  • 1987 Bernard Baylin (Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution)
  • 1988 Robert V. Bruce (The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846-1876)
  • 1989 James M. McPherson (Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era)
  • 1989 Taylor Branch (Parting the Waters: America in the King Years 1954-1963)
  • 1990 Stanley Karnow (In Our Image: America's Empire in the Philippines)
  • 1991 Laurel Thatcher Ulrich (A Midwife's Tale)
  • 1992 Mark E. Neely Jr. (The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties)
  • 1993 Gordon S. Wood (The Radicalism of the American Revolution)
  • 1994 ez zen saririk eman
  • 1995 Doris Kearns Goodwin (No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II)
  • 1996 Alan Taylor (William Cooper's Town: Power and Persuaion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic)
  • 1997 Jack N. Rakove (Original Meanings: Politics and Ideas in the Making of the Constitution)
  • 1998 Edward J. Larson (Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and America's Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion)
  • 1999 Mike Wallace (Gotham: A history of New York City to 1898)
  • 2000 David M. Kennedy (Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929-1945)
  • 2001 Joseph J. Ellis (Founding Brothers: The Revolutionay Generation)
  • 2002 Louis Menand (The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America)
  • 2003 Rick Atkinson (An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa 1942-1943)
  • 2004 Steven Hahn (A Nation Under Our Feet)
  • 2005 David Hackett Fischer (Washington's Crossing)
  • 2006 David Orshinsky (Polio: An American Story)
  • 2007 Gene Roberts eta Hank Klibanoff (The Race Beat)
  • 2008 Daniel Walker Howe (What Hath God Wrought: The Transformation of America: 1815-1848)
  • 2009 Annette Gordon-Reed (The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family)
  • 2010 Liaquat Ahamed (Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World)
  • 2011 Eric Foner (The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery)
  • 2012 Manning Marable (Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention)
  • 2013 Fredrik Logevall (Embers of War: The Fall of an Empire and the Making of America's Vietnam)
  • 2014 Alan Taylor (The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832)
  • 2015 Elizabeth A. Fenn (Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People)
  • 2016 T. J. Stiles (Custer's Trials: A Life in the Frontier of a New America)
  • 2017 Heather Anne Thompson (Blood in the Water: The Attica Uprising of 1971 and its Legacy)
  • 2018 Jack E. Davis (The Gulf: The Making of an American Sea)
  • 2019 David W. Blight (Frederick Douglass: Prophet of Freedom)
  • 2020 W. Caleb McDaniel (Sweet Taste of Liberty: A True Story of Slavery and Restitution In America)
  • 2021 Marcia Chatelain (Franchise: The Golden Arches in Black America)
  • 2022 Nicole Eustace (Covered with Night: A Story of Murder and Indigenous Justice in Early America) eta Ada Ferrer (Cuba: An American History)

Sari bat baino gehiago[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

Orain arte bost idazlek irabazi dute Pulitzer Saria Historian behin baino gehiagotan.

• Margaret Leech, 1942, 1960.

• Bernard Bailyn, 1968, 1987

• Paul Horgan, 1955, 1976

• Alan Taylor, 1996, 2014.

• Don E. Fehrenbacher, 1977, 1979.

Erreferentziak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]

  1. (Ingelesez) "1917 Winners". The Pulitzer Prizes (pulitzer.org).
  2. a b "History". The Pulitzer Prizes.

Kanpo estekak[aldatu | aldatu iturburu kodea]